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Proceedings Paper

Waveguide fabrication in fused silica using tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses
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Paper Abstract

Refractive index changes have been induced inside bulk fused silica by using femtosecond (fs) laser pulses tightly focused inside the material. Waveguides have been fabricated inside the glass by scanning the glass with respect to the focal point of the laser beam. The refractive index change is estimated to be ~ 10-4. Other more complex three-dimensional structures have also been fabricated (curved waveguides, splitters, and interferometers). We also report on fluorescence spectroscopy of the fs-modified fused silica using a confocal microscopy setup. Using a 488 nm excitation source, a fluorescence at 630 nm is observed from the modified glass, which is attributed to the presence of non-bridging oxygen hole center (NBOHC) defects created by the fs pulses. The fluorescence decays with prolonged exposure to the 488 nm light, indicating that the defects are being photobleached by the excitation light.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 June 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4640, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies VI, (18 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.431872

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4640:
Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies VI
Yakov S. Sidorin; Ari Tervonen, Editor(s)

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