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Proceedings Paper

Automatic detection of cellular necrosis in epithelial cell cultures
Author(s): Andres Santos; Cristina Ramiro; Manuel Desco; Norberto Malpica; Alberto Tejedor; Ana Torres; Maria J. Ledesma-Carbayo; Manuela Castilla; Pedro Garcia-Barreno
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Paper Abstract

Automatic discrimination and quantification of alive and dead cells in phase contrast microscopy images allows in vivo analysis of the viability of cultured cells without staining. Unsupervised segmentation, based on texture analysis, classifies each image region into three groups: live cells, necrotic cells and background. The segmentation is based on three discriminant functions, built using a total of 12 parameters derived from the histogram and the co-occurrence matrix. These parameters were selected performing a discriminant analysis on a training set that included images from three different cultures. Once images are automatically segmented, the approximate number of live and dead cells is obtained by dividing each area by the average size of each cell type. The number and percentage of live and necrotic cells have been obtained for primary cellular cultures in intervals of 48 hr. during two weeks. The results have been compared with the figures given by an experienced human observer, showing a very good correlation (Pearson's coefficient 0.95, kappa 0.87). A reliable and easy-to-use tool has been developed. It provides quantitative results on phase contrast microscopy images of cell cultures, with preliminary results showing accuracy similar to that provided by an expert, allowing to count a higher number of fields.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 July 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4322, Medical Imaging 2001: Image Processing, (3 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.431074
Show Author Affiliations
Andres Santos, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Cristina Ramiro, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Manuel Desco, Hospital General Univ. Gregorio Maranon (Spain)
Norberto Malpica, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Alberto Tejedor, Hospital General Univ. Gregorio Maranon (Spain)
Ana Torres, Hospital General Univ. Gregorio Maranon (Spain)
Maria J. Ledesma-Carbayo, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Manuela Castilla, Hospital General Univ. Gregorio Maranon (Spain)
Pedro Garcia-Barreno, Hospital General Univ. Gregorio Maranon (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4322:
Medical Imaging 2001: Image Processing
Milan Sonka; Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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