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Proceedings Paper

RBF network with cylindrical coordinate features for multispectral MRI segmentation
Author(s): Oscar Yanez-Suarez; Raquel Valdes-Cristerna; Veronica Medina; Fernando A. Barrios
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Paper Abstract

Spatial quantification of relevant brain structures, is usually carried out through the analysis of a stack of magnetic resonance (MR) images by means of some image segmentation approach. In this paper, multispectral MR imaging segmentation based on a modified radial-basis function network is presented. Multispectral MR image sets are constructed by collecting data for the same anatomical structures under T1, T2 and FLAIR excitation sequences. Classification features for the network are extended beyond the normalized intensities in each band to also include the cylindrical coordinates of the image pixels. Such coordinates are determined within a reference image space upon which all targets are registered to. The network classifier was designed to differentiate three structures: gray matter, white matter and image background. The classification layer was also modified to accommodate the pixel cylindrical coordinates as inputs. With the designed network, background pixels are correctly classified for all cases, while gray and white matter pixels are misclassified for about 10% of the cases in the validation set. The source of these errors can be traced to smooth transitions in the output nodes for these two classes. Thresholding the outputs of these nodes to include a reject class reduces the misclassification error. The small and simple architecture of the network shows good generalization, and thus good segmentation over unseen stacks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 July 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4322, Medical Imaging 2001: Image Processing, (3 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.431008
Show Author Affiliations
Oscar Yanez-Suarez, Univ. Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa (Mexico)
Raquel Valdes-Cristerna, Univ. Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa (Mexico)
Veronica Medina, Univ. Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa (Mexico)
Fernando A. Barrios, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4322:
Medical Imaging 2001: Image Processing
Milan Sonka; Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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