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Proceedings Paper

Computer simulation and experiments to investigate the effects of frequency-dependent attenuation and dispersion on speed-of-sound estimates in cancellous bone
Author(s): Keith A. Wear
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Paper Abstract

Many studies have demonstrated that time-domain speed-of- sound (SOS) measurement sin calcaneus are predictive of osteoporotic fracture risk. However there is a lack of standardization for this measurement. Consequently, different investigators using different measurement systems and analysis algorithms obtain disparate quantitative values for calcaneal SOS, impairing and often precluding meaningful comparison and/or pooling of measurements. A numerical method has been developed to model the effects of frequency- dependent attenuation and dispersion on transit-time-based SOS estimates. The numerical technique is based on a previously developed linear system analytic model for Gaussian pulses propagating through linearly attenuating, weakly dispersive media. The numerical approach is somewhat more general in that it can be used to predict the effects of arbitrary pulse shapes and dispersion relationships. The numerical technique however utilizes several additional assumptions (compared with the analytic model) which would be required for the practical task of correcting existing clinical databases. These include a single dispersion relationship for all calcaneus samples, a simple linear model relating phase velocity to broadband ultrasonic attenuation, and a constant calcaneal thickness. Measurements on a polycarbonate plate and thirty human calcaneus samples were in good quantitative agreement with numerical predictions. In addition, the numerical approach predicts that in cancellous bone, frequency-dependent attenuation tends to be a greater contributor to variations in transit-time-based SOS estimates than dispersion. This approach may be used to adjust previously acquired individual measurements so that SOS data recorded with different devices using different algorithms may be compared in a meaningful fashion.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4325, Medical Imaging 2001: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, (30 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.428211
Show Author Affiliations
Keith A. Wear, FDA Ctr. for Devices and Radiological Health (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4325:
Medical Imaging 2001: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing
Michael F. Insana; K. Kirk Shung, Editor(s)

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