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Proceedings Paper

Consequences of fiducial marker error on three-dimensional computer animation of the temporomandibular joint
Author(s): J. Ken Leader; J. Robert Boston; Thomas E. Rudy; Carol M. Greco; Hussein S. Zaki
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Paper Abstract

Jaw motion has been used to diagnose jaw pain patients, and we have developed a 3D computer animation technique to study jaw motion. A customized dental clutch was worn during motion, and its consistent and rigid placement was a concern. The experimental protocol involved mandibular movements (vertical opening) and MR imaging. The clutch contained three motion markers used to collect kinematic data and four MR markers used as fiducial markers in the MR images. Fiducial marker misplacement was mimicked by analytically perturbing the position of the MR markers +/- 2, +/- 4, and +/- 6 degrees in the three anatomical planes. The percent difference between the original and perturbed MR marker position was calculated for kinematic parameters. The maximum difference across all perturbations for axial rotation, coronal rotation, sagittal rotation, axial translation, coronal translation, and sagittal translation were 176.85%, 191.84%, 0.64%, 9.76%, 80.75%, and 8.30%, respectively, for perturbing all MR markers, and 86.47%, 93.44%, 0.23%, 7.08%, 42.64%, and 13.64%, respectively, for perturbing one MR marker. The parameters representing movement in the sagittal plane, the dominant plane in vertical opening, were determined to be reasonably robust, while secondary movements in the axial and coronal planes were not considered robust.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4319, Medical Imaging 2001: Visualization, Display, and Image-Guided Procedures, (28 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.428042
Show Author Affiliations
J. Ken Leader, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
J. Robert Boston, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Thomas E. Rudy, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Carol M. Greco, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Hussein S. Zaki, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4319:
Medical Imaging 2001: Visualization, Display, and Image-Guided Procedures
Seong Ki Mun, Editor(s)

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