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Proceedings Paper

Microsurgical laser scalpel based on spectroscopic feedback: the Smart Scalpel
Author(s): KengHui Lim; Colin J. H. Brenan; R. Rox Anderson M.D.; Ian Warwick Hunter
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Paper Abstract

To improve the effectiveness of microsurgical techniques, we have developed a semi-autonomous robotic surgical tool (called the 'Smart Scalpel') as an alternative approach to the treatment of vascular lesions. The Smart Scalpel employs optical reflectance spectroscopy and computer vision to identify and selectively target blood vessels with a focused treatment laser. Since the laser only heats along the diseased blood vessels, collateral damage to adjacent healthy tissue is substantially minimized. The Smart Scalpel also employs rapid real-time feedback analysis for on-line modification of the treatment parameters, quantification of treatment efficacy and compensation for motion tremor. These capabilities allow precise control over the energy dosimetry to achieve optimal treatment result. This paper presents the design of a prototype instrument, methods of the image analysis, and preliminary results with animal models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4244, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XI, (21 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.427794
Show Author Affiliations
KengHui Lim, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
Colin J. H. Brenan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
R. Rox Anderson M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Ian Warwick Hunter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4244:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XI
Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; David S. Robinson M.D.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Lou Reinisch; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; R. Rox Anderson M.D.; Reza S. Malek M.D.; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Abraham Katzir; C. Gaelyn Garrett M.D.; Timothy A. Woodward M.D.; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; George M. Peavy D.V.M.; Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; C. Gaelyn Garrett M.D.; Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Abraham Katzir; Nikiforos Kollias; Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; Reza S. Malek M.D.; J. Stuart Nelson M.D.; George M. Peavy D.V.M.; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson M.D.; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Timothy A. Woodward M.D., Editor(s)

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