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Proceedings Paper

Megapixel CMOS imager with charge binning
Author(s): Stefan C. Lauxtermann; Alice Biber; Peter Schwider; Peter Metzler; Peter Seitz; Reiner Bidenbach
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Paper Abstract

An active pixel sensor array (APS) with programmable resolution was realized in standard 0.5 micrometers CMOS technology. For operation under poor lighting conditions, the change of sub-regions of 2 by 2 respectively 4 by 4 pixels can be summed, yielding a corresponding sensitivity enhancement. In that way the maximum resolution of 1024 by 1024 can be reduced to 512 by 512 or 256 by 256. Based on a charge skimming mechanism, the required circuitry can be implemented in any logic CMOS technology without process modifications. Output through 1, 2 or 4 analog channels clocked at a pixel at up to 40 MHz each allows a frame rate up to 160 frames/sec at an overall power dissipation of 70 mW.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4306, Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications II, (15 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.426944
Show Author Affiliations
Stefan C. Lauxtermann, Ctr. Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (Switzerland)
Alice Biber, Ctr. Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (Switzerland)
Peter Schwider, Ctr. Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (Switzerland)
Peter Metzler, Ctr. Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (Switzerland)
Peter Seitz, Ctr. Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (Switzerland)
Reiner Bidenbach, Micronas Intermetall (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4306:
Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications II
Nitin Sampat; Morley M. Blouke; John Canosa; John Canosa; Nitin Sampat, Editor(s)

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