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Proceedings Paper

Planar shock reflection on a wedged concave reflector
Author(s): Fan-Ming Yu; Kuen-Dong Sheu
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Paper Abstract

The investigation of shock reflection and shock diffraction phenomena upon a wedged concave reflector produced by a planar incident shock wave has been done in the shock tube facility of Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Cheng- Kung University. The experiment proceeds upon three wedged concave reflectors models the upper and lower wedge angles arrangement of them are (50 degrees, 50 degrees) - 35 degrees, 35 degrees) and (50 degrees, 35 degrees), respectively. They were tested at Mach numbers of 1.2 - 1.65 and 2.0. On the first reflector, following the regular reflection on the 50 degree-wedged surface by the incident shock wave, a Mach shock diffraction behavior has been observed as shock moves outward from the apex of the reflector. On the apex of the reflector, it behaviors as a sector of the blast shock moving on a diverging channel. On the shadowgraph pictures it has been observed there exists a pattern of gas dynamics focus upon the second reflector. The Mach reflection from the 35 degree- wedged surface as being generated by the planar incident shock wave, on which the overlapping of the two triple points from both wedged surface offers the focusing mechanism. The shock interference, which proceeds by the Mach shock reflection and the regular shock diffraction from the reflector, generates a very complicate rolling-up of slip lines system. On the third reflector, the mixed shock interference behavior has been observed of which two diffraction shocks from concave 50 degree-wedged surface and 35 degree-wedged surface interfere with each other. The measurement of the peak pressure along a ray from the model apex parallel to incident shock direction indicates that the measured maximum pressure rising is larger near the apex of the reflector. Considering the measured maximum pressure increment due to the reflection shocks indicate that the wave strength upon large apex angle reflector is greater than it is upon small apex angle reflector. However, as considering the measured maximum pressure increment following the diffraction shocks, the results show that due to the focusing process upon (35 degree, 35 degree) reflector, it is of the largest increment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 April 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4183, 24th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (17 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.424334
Show Author Affiliations
Fan-Ming Yu, National Cheng Kung Univ. (Taiwan)
Kuen-Dong Sheu, National Cheng Kung Univ. (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4183:
24th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Kazuyoshi Takayama; Tsutomo Saito; Harald Kleine; Eugene V. Timofeev, Editor(s)

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