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Proceedings Paper

System for real-time generation of georeferenced terrain models
Author(s): Howard J. Schultz; Allen R. Hanson; Edward M. Riseman; Frank Stolle; Zhigang Zhu; Christopher D. Hayward; Dana Slaymaker
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Paper Abstract

A growing number of law enforcement applications, especially in the areas of border security, drug enforcement and anti- terrorism require high-resolution wide area surveillance from unmanned air vehicles. At the University of Massachusetts we are developing an aerial reconnaissance system capable of generating high resolution, geographically registered terrain models (in the form of a seamless mosaic) in real-time from a single down-looking digital video camera. The efficiency of the processing algorithms, as well as the simplicity of the hardware, will provide the user with the ability to produce and roam through stereoscopic geo-referenced mosaic images in real-time, and to automatically generate highly accurate 3D terrain models offline in a fraction of the time currently required by softcopy conventional photogrammetry systems. The system is organized around a set of integrated sensor and software components. The instrumentation package is comprised of several inexpensive commercial-off-the-shelf components, including a digital video camera, a differential GPS, and a 3-axis heading and reference system. At the heart of the system is a set of software tools for image registration, mosaic generation, geo-location and aircraft state vector recovery. Each process is designed to efficiently handle the data collected by the instrument package. Particular attention is given to minimizing geospatial errors at each stage, as well as modeling propagation of errors through the system. Preliminary results for an urban and forested scene are discussed in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4232, Enabling Technologies for Law Enforcement and Security, (21 February 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417570
Show Author Affiliations
Howard J. Schultz, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Allen R. Hanson, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Edward M. Riseman, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Frank Stolle, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Zhigang Zhu, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Christopher D. Hayward, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)
Dana Slaymaker, Univ. of Massachusetts/Amherst (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4232:
Enabling Technologies for Law Enforcement and Security
Simon K. Bramble; Lenny I. Rudin; Simon K. Bramble; Edward M. Carapezza; Lenny I. Rudin, Editor(s)

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