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Proceedings Paper

Passive millimeter-wave concealed weapon detection
Author(s): Gordon N. Sinclair; Rupert N. Anderton; Roger Appleby
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Paper Abstract

A method of detecting weapons concealed under clothing using passive millimeter wave imaging is described. The optical properties of clothing are discussed and examples given of the spectral reflectivity and transmission. The transmission tends to be constant from 60 to 150 GHz above which it decreases for some clothing materials. The transmission of a cotton T-shirt is typically 95% and of a leather jacket up to 85% at lower frequencies. A model is presented for calculating the contrast of a metallic concealed weapon when hidden under clothing and it indicates contrasts as large as 200 K can be realized outdoors. The advantages of real time over static frame imagery are discussed. It is concluded that real time imagery offers considerable advantages as weapons can be very varied in size, position and orientation and movement offers vital clues to the human observer which aid the recognition process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4232, Enabling Technologies for Law Enforcement and Security, (21 February 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417526
Show Author Affiliations
Gordon N. Sinclair, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)
Rupert N. Anderton, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)
Roger Appleby, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4232:
Enabling Technologies for Law Enforcement and Security
Simon K. Bramble; Lenny I. Rudin; Simon K. Bramble; Edward M. Carapezza; Lenny I. Rudin, Editor(s)

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