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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optic chemical sensors using a modified conducting polymer cladding
Author(s): Jianming Yuan; Mahmoud A. El-Sherif; Alan G. MacDiarmid; Wayne E. Jones
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Paper Abstract

A new class ofsensors has been designed and prepared based on replacing the original cladding material on a small section of an optical fiber with a conducting polymer or other environmentally sensitive material. Vapor induced chemical interactions with the polymer result in refractive index and optical absorption changes in the polymer cladding. These changes lead to an optical intensity modulation induced within the multi-mode optical fiber. Polyaniline and polypyrrole were used as the modified cladding material on the fiber core. An in-situ deposition method was used to produce uniform thin film coatings of the electronic polymer on the optical fiber. It was found that optimization ofthe sensor sensitivity can be achieved by selecting the proper incident wavelength, excitation conditions, and optical detection technique. Chemical sensors were developed and tested for detection ofHCl and NH3 vapors along with the reducing agent hydrazine. The results clearly demonstrate that conjugated polymer coated fiber optics represent a promising new approach for the detection of volatile toxic gasses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4205, Advanced Environmental and Chemical Sensing Technology, (26 February 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417447
Show Author Affiliations
Jianming Yuan, Drexel Univ. (United States)
Mahmoud A. El-Sherif, Drexel Univ. (United States)
Alan G. MacDiarmid, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Wayne E. Jones, SUNY/Binghamton (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4205:
Advanced Environmental and Chemical Sensing Technology
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Stephanus Buettgenbach, Editor(s)

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