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Proceedings Paper

Tubular mosaics
Author(s): Michael Eckmann; Terrance E. Boult
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Paper Abstract

The goal of this research is to quickly create a compact, accurate representation of the path of a robot. Others have developed techniques for building 3D maps, while this work concentrates on building a descriptive image of where the robot has been. This technique which we call "tubular mosaics," provides an orthographic-like view of the hallways the robot has traversed. An omnidirectional camera produces images that can contain a hemispherical eld of view. Mosaics are built from wedges extracted from each frame. We demonstrate the technique using views perpendicular to the camera motion resulting in the upper half of the tubular mosaic (i.e. two walls of a corridor, including the ceiling.) Each wedge is unwarped into a rectangular strip. Strips from consecutive frames of video are matched and incorporated into the mosaics. Others have created orthographic strip mosaics of areas using a camera looking down at an angle from an airplane. Our work is a generalization of this to multiple directions. Three techniques of varying complexity and accuracy are presented. Results will be useful for robot navigation. Other applications include texture mapping and the creation of a compact representation of the video stream captured by the robot.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4195, Mobile Robots XV and Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies VII, (2 March 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417301
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Eckmann, Lehigh Univ. (United States)
Terrance E. Boult, Lehigh Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4195:
Mobile Robots XV and Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies VII
Matthew R. Stein; Howie M. Choset; Douglas W. Gage; Matthew R. Stein, Editor(s)

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