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Proceedings Paper

In-flight performance of the ASTER cryocooler
Author(s): Masakuni Kawada; Hiroshi Akao; Minoru Kobayashi; Tohru Maekawa; Hiroyuki Fujisada
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Paper Abstract

12 The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer (ASTER) was one of the mission instruments selected by NASA to fly on the EOS-AM1 spacecraft. The EOS- AM1 (Terra) spacecraft was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, December 18, 1999. The ASTER consists of a visible and near-infrared radiometer (VNIR), a short-wave infrared radiometer (SWIR) and a thermal infrared radiometer (TIR). Two cryocoolers are required to cool down the infrared detectors for the SWIR and the TIR. Two cold plates act as a heatsink for each compressor unit and maintain in temperature in the range between 20 degree(s)C and 25 degree(s)C by a capillary-pump heat-transfer system (CPHTS). Therefore, environmental temperature conditions are the same for the two compressor units. While the TIR expander unit is thermal controlled by a local radiator with a heat pipe, the SWIR expander unit employs radiative cooling for thermal control. The performance of ASTER cryocooler was evaluation to operate normally, based on the data obtained in the functional checkout in orbit. The SWIR cryocooler cools the detector to the operating temperature of 77 K in the cooldown time of 22 minutes. The TIR cryocooler cools the detector to the operating temperature of 80 K in the cooldown time of 23 minutes. The temperature of each detector was stabilized in the allowable temperature range. A clear image was obtained in the initial checkout of each radiometer in their observation mode.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 February 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4169, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IV, (9 February 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417109
Show Author Affiliations
Masakuni Kawada, Electrotechnical Lab. (Japan)
Hiroshi Akao, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Minoru Kobayashi, Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (Japan)
Tohru Maekawa, Fujitsu, Ltd. (Japan)
Hiroyuki Fujisada, Science Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4169:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IV
Hiroyuki Fujisada; Joan B. Lurie; Alexander Ropertz; Konradin Weber, Editor(s)

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