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Proceedings Paper

Chromatic adaptation performance of different RGB sensors
Author(s): Sabine E. Susstrunk; Jack M. Holm; Graham D. Finlayson
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Paper Abstract

Chromatic adaptation transforms are used in imaging system to map image appearance to colorimetry under different illumination sources. In this paper, the performance of different chromatic adaptation transforms (CAT) is compared with the performance of transforms based on RGB primaries that have been investigated in relation to standard color spaces for digital still camera characterization and image interchange. The chromatic adaptation transforms studied are von Kries, Bradford, Sharp, and CMCCAT2000. The RGB primaries investigated are ROMM, ITU-R BT.709, and 'prime wavelength' RGB. The chromatic adaptation model used is a von Kries model that linearly scales post-adaptation cone response with illuminant dependent coefficients. The transforms were evaluated using 16 sets of corresponding color dat. The actual and predicted tristimulus values were converted to CIELAB, and three different error prediction metrics, (Delta) ELab, (Delta) ECIE94, and (Delta) ECMC(1:1) were applied to the results. One-tail Student-t tests for matched pairs were calculated to compare if the variations in errors are statistically significant. For the given corresponding color data sets, the traditional chromatic adaptation transforms, Sharp CAT and CMCCAT2000, performed best. However, some transforms based on RGB primaries also exhibit good chromatic adaptation behavior, leading to the conclusion that white-point independent RGB spaces for image encoding can be defined. This conclusion holds only if the linear von Kries model is considered adequate to predict chromatic adaptation behavior.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 December 2000
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4300, Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hardcopy, and Graphic Arts VI, (21 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.410788
Show Author Affiliations
Sabine E. Susstrunk, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne and Univ. of East Anglia (Switzerland)
Jack M. Holm, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Graham D. Finlayson, Univ. of East Anglia (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4300:
Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hardcopy, and Graphic Arts VI
Reiner Eschbach; Gabriel G. Marcu, Editor(s)

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