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Proceedings Paper

Monochromatic neutron beam production at Brazilian nuclear research reactors
Author(s): Roberto Stasiulevicius; Claudio Rodrigues; Carlos B. R. Parente; Dante Luiz Voi; John D. Rogers
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Paper Abstract

Monochomatic beams of neutrons are obtained form a nuclear reactor polychromatic beam by the diffraction process, suing a single crystal energy selector. In Brazil, two nuclear research reactors, the swimming pool model IEA-R1 and the Argonaut type IEN-R1 have been used to carry out measurements with this technique. Neutron spectra have been measured using crystal spectrometers installed on the main beam lines of each reactor. The performance of conventional- artificial and natural selected crystals has been verified by the multipurpose neutron diffractometers installed at IEA-R1 and simple crystal spectrometer in operator at IEN- R1. A practical figure of merit formula was introduced to evaluate the performance and relative reflectivity of the selected planes of a single crystal. The total of 16 natural crystals were selected for use in the neutron monochromator, including a total of 24 families of planes. Twelve of these natural crystal types and respective best family of planes were measured directly with the multipurpose neutron diffractometers. The neutron spectrometer installed at IEN- R1 was used to confirm test results of the better specimens. The usually conventional-artificial crystal spacing distance range is limited to 3.4 angstrom. The interplane distance range has now been increased to approximately 10 angstrom by use of naturally occurring crystals. The neutron diffraction technique with conventional and natural crystals for energy selection and filtering can be utilized to obtain monochromatic sub and thermal neutrons with energies in the range of 0.001 to 10 eV. The thermal neutron is considered a good tool or probe for general applications in various fields, such as condensed matter, chemistry, biology, industrial applications and others.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2000
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4142, Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications II, (18 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.410580
Show Author Affiliations
Roberto Stasiulevicius, Ctr. de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (Brazil)
Claudio Rodrigues, Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Carlos B. R. Parente, Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Dante Luiz Voi, Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (Brazil)
John D. Rogers, Rolls-Royce plc (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4142:
Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications II
F. Patrick Doty; H. Bradford Barber; Hans Roehrig; Edward J. Morton, Editor(s)

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