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Proceedings Paper

High-resolution hand-held gamma camera
Author(s): Lawrence R. MacDonald; Bradley E. Patt; Jan S. Iwanczyk; Yuko Yamaguchi; David P. McElroy; Edward J. Hoffman; John Nathan Aarsvold; Robert A. Mintzer; Naomi P. Alazraki
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Paper Abstract

A high resolution, hand-held scintillation camera has been designed and built for specific Nuclear Medicine applications. Primary intended applications are pre-surgical and intra-operative lymphoscintigraphy. The detector head is highly compact with a 1-inch by 1-inch physical field of view. A variety of easily interchangeable collimators including parallel hole, diverging hole, and pinhole allow several choices of image parameters including variable spatial resolution, sensitivity and field of view. The camera can be operated in imaging mode or as a probe in a non-imaging mode. Surgeons performing sentinel node surgeries have the option of using the device asa standard audio-guided counting probe or as an imaging device to improve surgical management. The 20 mm FOV camera has 1 mm intrinsic spatial resolution. System FWHM in air is 2.1 mm and 2.6 mm at 0 cm from a high-resolution parallel hole collimator, respectively. FWHM of 3.8 mm is measured 2 cm from a 3 mm pinhole. Pinhole sensitivity is 600 cps/MBq above a 125 cps/MBq background for a 1 cm lesion 1 cm below a water surface. Nodes are identified in images even when overall count rate is not above the background from a nearby injection site.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2000
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4142, Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications II, (18 December 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.410569
Show Author Affiliations
Lawrence R. MacDonald, Gamma Medica Instruments, Inc. (United States)
Bradley E. Patt, Gamma Medica Instruments, Inc. (United States)
Jan S. Iwanczyk, Gamma Medica Instruments, Inc. (United States)
Yuko Yamaguchi, Gamma Medica Instruments, Inc. (United States)
David P. McElroy, UCLA School of Medicine (United States)
Edward J. Hoffman, UCLA School of Medicine (United States)
John Nathan Aarsvold, Emory Univ. and Atlanta VA Medical Ctr. (United States)
Robert A. Mintzer, Emory Univ. and Atlanta VA Medical Ctr. (United States)
Naomi P. Alazraki, Emory Univ. and Atlanta VA Medical Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4142:
Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications II
F. Patrick Doty; H. Bradford Barber; Hans Roehrig; Edward J. Morton, Editor(s)

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