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Proceedings Paper

Interstitial photodynamic therapy: diagnostic measurements and treatment in experimental malignant rat tumors
Author(s): Maria Stenberg; Marcelo Soto Thompson; Thomas Johansson; Sara Palsson; Claes af Klinteberg; Stefan Andersson-Engels; Unne Stenram; Sune Svanberg; Katarina Svanberg
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Paper Abstract

A recently developed multiple fiber system for treating malignant tumors with interstitial photodynamic therapy was used in studies on rats with colon adenocarcinoma inoculated into the muscles of the hind legs. The animals were intraperitonially administrated (delta) -aminolevulinic acid (ALA), which is metabolized to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in the tissue. The treatment system consists of a laser light source, a beam-splitting system dividing the light into three or six output fibers and a dosimetry program calculating the optimal fiber position within the tumor as well as the treatment time needed to obtain a given threshold value of the light dose. One aim of the study was to compare the treatment outcome with the modelled dosimetry predictions. Tumor reduction was examined three days post treatment. A volume decrease was found in 85% of the treated tumors. The mean volume reduction was 44%, with one tumor completely disappearing. Histopathological examination three days post treatment showed substantial necrotic parts which, however, to a smaller extent were present also for non-treated tumors. These results indicated that the tumors have been under treated and the light dose has to be increased. Measurements of the build-up and photo-induced bleaching of PpIX using laser-induced fluorescence were also performed during the experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 November 2000
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4161, Optical Biopsy and Tissue Optics, (16 November 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.409325
Show Author Affiliations
Maria Stenberg, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Marcelo Soto Thompson, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Thomas Johansson, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Sara Palsson, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Claes af Klinteberg, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Stefan Andersson-Engels, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Unne Stenram, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Univ. Hospital (Sweden)
Sune Svanberg, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Katarina Svanberg, Lund Univ. Medical Laser Ctr. and Lund Univ. Hospital (Sweden)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4161:
Optical Biopsy and Tissue Optics
Irving J. Bigio; Gerhard J. Mueller; Gerwin J. Puppels; Rudolf W. Steiner; Katarina Svanberg, Editor(s)

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