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Proceedings Paper

Control of polarization evolution in helically wound active fibers
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Paper Abstract

In a helically wound single-mode fiber the mode degeneracy is lifted by the geometric form and the photo-elastic effect. Fiber bending induces linear birefringence' and the presence of torsion is responsible for circular birefringence.2 Considering the geometrical properties of a helix and using Jones calculus, it has been shown3 that a helically wound fiber can be described as the combination of two distributed homogeneous retarders: a linear retarder and a circular retarder. Since linear and circular retardation can be easily followed on the Poincaré sphere, we use Mueller calculus to describe the polarization optics of helical fiber structures.4 Because of the strong absorption and the subsequent emission that active fibers present within the amplification band, the signal becomes depolarized and it is not possible to characterize the birefringence properties of active fibers at these wavelengths. In this work, the birefringence performance of active fibers is evaluated in the neighborhood of the amplification band, using signals with a high signal to noise ratio at the active fiber output. We present the birefringence characterization of a helically wound erbium fiber. This helical fiber structure was built with a commercial fiber. Since the birefringence parameters we measured agree with the values predicted by the theoretical model, we propose that we can make use of this model to design the helix structure and, to select the input polarization states of the pump and the signal that can be used to control the polarization evolution of the amplified signal as it propagates along the fiber.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 November 2000
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4106, Linear, Nonlinear, and Power-Limiting Organics, (29 November 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.408497
Show Author Affiliations
Diana Tentori-Santa-Cruz, CICESE (United States)
Fernando Trevino-Martinez, CICESE (Mexico)
Cesar Ayala-Diaz, CICESE (Mexico)
Francisco J. Mendieta-Jimenez, CICESE (United States)
Horacio Soto Ortiz, CICESE (Mexico)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4106:
Linear, Nonlinear, and Power-Limiting Organics
Manfred Eich; Christopher M. Lawson; Mark G. Kuzyk; Manfred Eich; Mark G. Kuzyk; Christopher M. Lawson; Robert A. Norwood, Editor(s)

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