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Proceedings Paper

Simulation for crew operational readiness and effectiveness (SCORE)
Author(s): Thomas B. Malone; Gabriel K. Rousseau
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Paper Abstract

Naval vessels in the 21st century will be staffed by significantly fewer crew members, yet technological complexity will increase. As reported in independent assessments by the Naval Safety Center, U.S. Coast Guard, and the International Maritime Organization, human error is the direct cause of up to 80% of ship accidents. A major concern for the reduced manning of ships, is that the remaining ship personnel maintain required levels of operational readiness and effectiveness across all mission conditions. This includes the assurance that the fewer personnel manning Navy ships will be fully capable of performing required tasks in varied conditions, and will commit fewer errors and cause fewer accidents as compared to present-day ships. The key to successful operation rests with the ship and tactical commanders, who will be charged with quickly and accurately determining the readiness and effectiveness of ship's crew at any time. A concept for a modeling and simulation tool has been developed and designated SCORE (Simulation for Crew Operational Readiness and Effectiveness). The thrust of SCORE is to aid ship's commanders to determine the optimal utilization of available and qualified crew and to reduce workloads and enhance human performance in the context of ship missions. The focus of this presentation will be to describe SCORE and the human factors engineering issues associated with the design of decision aiding tools for command center personnel. In particular, issues such as modes of decision support, workload simulation, and situation awareness will be reviewed and topics for future investigation will be offered.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 November 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4126, Integrated Command Environments, (28 November 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.407537
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas B. Malone, Carlow International Inc. (United States)
Gabriel K. Rousseau, Carlow International Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4126:
Integrated Command Environments
Patricia Hamburger, Editor(s)

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