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Proceedings Paper

Auto-adhesion model for MEMS surfaces taking into account the effect of surface roughness
Author(s): W. Merlijn van Spengen; Ingrid De Wolf; Bob Puers
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Paper Abstract

Although a lot of work has been done on understanding auto-adhesion (stiction) in MEMS, the effect of surface roughness has never been extensively addressed. In this paper, a model is presented, which describes the auto-adhesion interaction energy of micromachined surfaces in contact. Included in the model is the capillary force, in such a way that it can be readily extended to accommodate electrostatic and van de Waals forces as well, in combination with the roughness of the contacting surfaces. By investigating the effect of the height distribution of the surfaces, a term is derived for the surface interaction energy in different environment conditions as a function of the mean separation between the rough surfaces. To obtain an equilibrium distance between the surfaces, the repulsive part of the interaction is also modeled. The combination of these terms gives us the equilibrium distance between the surfaces and the corresponding surface interaction energy, thereby quantifying the effect environmental conditions have on auto-adhesion. The results of the model agree well with surface interaction energies in MEMS known from literature for different environmental conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 August 2000
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4175, Materials and Device Characterization in Micromachining III, (11 August 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.395617
Show Author Affiliations
W. Merlijn van Spengen, IMEC (Belgium) and Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)
Ingrid De Wolf, IMEC (Belgium)
Bob Puers, Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4175:
Materials and Device Characterization in Micromachining III
Yuli Vladimirsky; Philip J. Coane, Editor(s)

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