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Proceedings Paper

UltraLITE glass/composite hybrid mirror
Author(s): Brian E. Catanzaro; Dan Keane; Steven J. Connell; Dave Baiocchi; James H. Burge; Arup K. Maji; Michael K. Powers
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Paper Abstract

The mass of the primary mirror has dominated the mass of larger aperture (> 1 m class) telescopes. Spaceborne telescopes have much to gain from a significant reduction in areal density. Areal density is often limited by the stiffness to weight ratio of the primary mirror. Two key factors drive this criteria: telescope structural characteristics (launch and deployment) and fabrication requirements. A new class of hybrid composite mirrors has been designed, prototyped, and fabricated to demonstrate the advantage of the high stiffness to weight ratio of carbon fiber composite materials and the superior optical fabrication for low expansion glasses. This hybrid mirror utilizes a unique `set and forget' fabrication technique. A thin meniscus of glass is mounted to a stiff composite support structure using composite flexure rods. The meniscus is lightweighted using waterjet pocket milling and is conventionally polished to a precise radius of curvature. This meniscus is then supported on the flexures and actuated to a precise figure. The flexures are fixed and the actuators are removed. The substrate is then ion figured to achieve the final figure. The areal density of this mirror is 10 kg/m2. Surface figure on a 0.25 m aperture prototype was demonstrated at better than (lambda) /4 (visible) prior to ion figuring. Two 0.6 m mirrors are under fabrication. The design of the mirror and results of the fabrication and testing will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2000
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4013, UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, (28 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.394003
Show Author Affiliations
Brian E. Catanzaro, Composite Optics Inc. (United States)
Dan Keane, Composite Optics Inc. (United States)
Steven J. Connell, Composite Optics Inc. (United States)
Dave Baiocchi, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
James H. Burge, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Arup K. Maji, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Michael K. Powers, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4013:
UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments
James B. Breckinridge; Peter Jakobsen, Editor(s)

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