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Proceedings Paper

Step and flash imprint lithography for sub-100-nm patterning
Author(s): Matthew Colburn; Annette Grot; Marie N. Amistoso; Byung Jin Choi; Todd C. Bailey; John G. Ekerdt; S. V. Sreenivasan; James Hollenhorst; C. Grant Willson
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Paper Abstract

Step and Flash Imprint Lithography (SFIL) is an alternative to photolithography that efficiently generates high aspect-ratio, sub-micron patterns in resist materials. Other imprint lithography techniques based on physical deformation of a polymer to generate surface relief structures have produced features in PMMA as small as 10 nm, but it is very difficult to imprint large depressed features or to imprint a thick films of resist with high aspect-ratio features by these techniques. SFIL overcomes these difficulties by exploiting the selectivity and anisotropy of reactive ion etch (RIE). First, a thick organic 'transfer' layer (0.3 micrometer to 1.1 micrometer) is spin coated to planarize the wafer surface. A low viscosity, liquid organosilicon photopolymer precursor is then applied to the substrate and a quartz template applied at 2 psi. Once the master is in contact with the organosilicon solution, a crosslinking photopolymerization is initiated via backside illumination with broadband UV light. When the layer is cured the template is removed. This process relies on being able to imprint the photopolymer while leaving the minimal residual material in the depressed areas. Any excess material is etched away using a CHF3/He/O2 RIE. The exposed transfer layer is then etched with O2 RIE. The silicon incorporated in the photopolymer allows amplification of the low aspect ratio relief structure in the silylated resist into a high aspect ratio feature in the transfer layer. The aspect ratio is limited only by the mechanical stability of the transfer layer material and the O2 RIE selectivity and anisotropy. This method has produced 60 nm features with 6:1 aspect ratios. This lithography process was also used to fabricate alternating arrays of 100 nm Ti lines on a 200 nm pitch that function as efficient micropolarizers. Several types of optical devices including gratings, polarizers, and sub-wavelength structures can be easily patterned by SFIL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 July 2000
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3997, Emerging Lithographic Technologies IV, (21 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.390082
Show Author Affiliations
Matthew Colburn, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Annette Grot, Agilent Technologies Labs. (United States)
Marie N. Amistoso, Agilent Technologies Labs. (United States)
Byung Jin Choi, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Todd C. Bailey, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
John G. Ekerdt, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
S. V. Sreenivasan, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
James Hollenhorst, Agilent Technologies Labs. (United States)
C. Grant Willson, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3997:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies IV
Elizabeth A. Dobisz, Editor(s)

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