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Proceedings Paper

Optical fiber Bragg gratings for tunnel surveillance
Author(s): Philipp M. Nellen; Andreas Frank; Rolf Broennimann; Urs J. Sennhauser
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Paper Abstract

We report on application tests of novel sensor elements for long term surveillance of tunnels. The sensors are made of glass fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP) with embedded optical fiber Bragg gratings. The tests were made in a tunnel near Sargans in Switzerland and we will present strain and temperature data of more than one year of operation of the sensor elements. Two sensor types were tested. First, GFRP rockbolts with a diameter of 22 mm were produced. They have a load-bearing function as anchors for tunnel or mine roofs and in addition measure distributed strain fields and temperature with embedded optical fiber Bragg grating arrays. Rockbolts are key elements during construction and operation of tunnels. Data about strain inside the rockbolts can support decision about precautions to be taken and reveal information about the long term movement of the rock. Second, thin and flexible GFRP wires of 3 mm in diameter were found to be robust and versatile sensors not only for tunnel surveillance but for many civil engineering applications where they can be attached or embedded (e.g., in concrete). The fabrication of both sensor types and solutions for the connection of the embedded fiber sensors to a fiber cable will be presented. Moreover, laboratory and tunnel data of functionality and long term stability tests will be discussed and compared.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3986, Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials, (12 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.388114
Show Author Affiliations
Philipp M. Nellen, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
Andreas Frank, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Germany)
Rolf Broennimann, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
Urs J. Sennhauser, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3986:
Smart Structures and Materials 2000: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials
Richard O. Claus; William B. Spillman Jr., Editor(s)

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