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Proceedings Paper

Spatially resolved diffuse reflectance with laser Doppler imaging for the simultaneous in-vivo measurement of tissue perfusion and metabolic state
Author(s): Kevin R. Forrester; Roxane Shymkiw; John Tulip; Craig Sutherland; David Hart; Robert C. Bray
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Paper Abstract

Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI) has become an established technique for the two dimensional measurement of tissue perfusion but the uncertainty of photon penetration depth leads to ambiguous interpretation of what fraction of the tissue microcirculation is being sampled. This study investigates a diffuse reflectance technique for measuring tissue optical properties during LDI perfusion measurement for the simultaneous determination of photon penetration depth and tissue metabolic state. LDI and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements were made on surgically exposed ligaments in pregnant and non-pregnant rabbits. Photon penetration depths are reported. It was observed that anisotropic scattering occurs due to the ordered alignment of collagen fibers within ligament. Tissue perfusion in the ligaments of pregnant animals was significantly lower than in non-pregnant animals. Tissue hemoglobin concentration and oxygenation, and percent vascularization are also reported showing no statistical difference between the ligaments in pregnant and non-pregnant rabbits. A significant difference was observed in the photon scattering coefficient between the pregnant and non-pregnant groups suggesting a change in fibril spacing and/or orientation, most likely caused by an increased laxity in the ligaments of the pregnant animals. These investigations compare well with previous biochemical and biomechanical information obtained on ligaments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 2000
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3914, Laser-Tissue Interaction XI: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical, (13 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.388059
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin R. Forrester, Univ. of Calgary (Canada)
Roxane Shymkiw, Univ. of Calgary (Canada)
John Tulip, Univ. of Alberta (Canada)
Craig Sutherland, Univ. of Calgary (United States)
David Hart, Univ. of Calgary (Canada)
Robert C. Bray, Univ. of Calgary (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3914:
Laser-Tissue Interaction XI: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical
Jeffrey O. Hollinger; Donald Dean Duncan; Jeffrey O. Hollinger; Donald Dean Duncan; Steven L. Jacques, Editor(s)

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