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Proceedings Paper

Experimental investigation into the use of vibration data for long-term monitoring of an all-composite bridge
Author(s): Colin P. Ratcliffe; John W. Gillespie; Dirk Heider; Douglas A. Eckel; Roger M. Crane
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents the results of an ongoing investigation into using broadband vibration data to monitor the structural integrity and health of an all-composite bridge. Bridge 1 - 351 on Business Route 896 in Glasgow, Delaware, was replaced with one of the first state-owned all-composite bridges in the nation in the fall of 1998. The bridge consists of two E- Glass/vinyl ester sandwich core sections (13-ft X 32 ft) joined by a longitudinal joint in the traffic direction. Each sandwich core section consists of a 28-inch deep core and 0.4 - 0.7-inch thick facesheets. Vibration data were obtained from a mesh of 1050 test points covering the upper and lower surfaces of the bridge. From the modal information and the visualization of the data, several aspects of the structural behavior of the bridge were obtained. These characteristics include the interactions between the bridge and abutments; the effectiveness of the longitudinal joint to couple the deck sections; the effectiveness of the core to couple the face sheets; and the structural integrity and dynamic consistency of the entire structure. In addition, mode shapes and natural frequencies were determined and are correlated with theoretical calculations and vibration analyses conducted for this bridge. A novel algorithm using the vibration data is being developed that enables local perturbations sensitive to the state of the material (e.g. manufacturing defects, material degradation or service damage) to be detected and spatially located in the bridge. This technique has been successfully validated for locating damage in 1-D beam structures and is being extended to the 3-D sandwich structure. Applications for quality assurance/quality control and health monitoring of large composite bridge structures using this technique will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 June 2000
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3995, Nondestructive Evaluation of Highways, Utilities, and Pipelines IV, (9 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.387853
Show Author Affiliations
Colin P. Ratcliffe, U.S. Naval Academy (United States)
John W. Gillespie, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Dirk Heider, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Douglas A. Eckel, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Roger M. Crane, Naval Surface Warfare Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3995:
Nondestructive Evaluation of Highways, Utilities, and Pipelines IV
A. Emin Aktan; Stephen R. Gosselin; Stephen R. Gosselin, Editor(s)

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