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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear acoustic nondestructive testing for concrete durability
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Paper Abstract

Several nondestructive testing methods can be used to determine the damage in a concrete structure. Linear ultrasonic techniques, e.g. pulse-velocity and amplitude attenuation, are very common in nondestructive evaluation. Velocity of propagation is not very sensitive to the degrees of damage unless a great deal of micro-damage having evolving into localized macro-damage. This transition typically takes place around 80% of the ultimate compressive strength. Amplitude attenuation is potentially more sensitive than pulse-velocity. However, this method depends strongly on the coupling conditions between transducers and concrete, hence unreliable. A baseline test of the linear acoustics of several mortar samples was conducted. These mortar samples have been previously damaged to different levels. Several other testing methods were also performed on the same samples to form a comparison. The focus is in comparing the sensitivity of a new testing method (Non-linear Acoustic NDE) with several more traditional testing methods. Non-linearity of the material stiffness is expressed in non-linear acoustics as the effect that damage and flaws have on the modulation of a signal as it propagates through the material. Spectral (non-linear) analysis is much more sensitive to lower damage states and less dependent on the repeatability of the coupling of the transducers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 June 2000
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3995, Nondestructive Evaluation of Highways, Utilities, and Pipelines IV, (9 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.387843
Show Author Affiliations
Hwai-Chung Wu, Wayne State Univ. (United States)
Kraig Warnemuende, Wayne State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3995:
Nondestructive Evaluation of Highways, Utilities, and Pipelines IV
A. Emin Aktan; Stephen R. Gosselin; Stephen R. Gosselin, Editor(s)

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