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Proceedings Paper

Computerized detection of pulmonary nodules in chest radiographs: reduction of false positives based on symmetry between left and right lungs
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a novel method called local contralateral subtraction for reduction of false positives reported by a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for detection of lung nodules in chest radiographs. Our method is based on the removal of normal structures in the regions of interest (ROIs), based on symmetry between the left and right lungs. In our method, two ROIs were extracted, one from the position where a candidate of a nodule is located, and the other from the anatomically corresponding location in the opposite lung, which contains similar normal structures. We employed a wavelet-based multiresolution image registration method to match the two ROIs, and subtraction was performed. A signal- to-noise ratio (SNR) between a central region and the adjacent background region was calculated for quantification of the remaining structures in the subtracted ROI. The SNR was then used for distinction between nodules and false positives. In an analysis of 550 ROIs consisting of 51 nodules and 499 false positives reported as detected nodules by our current CAD scheme, we were able to eliminate 44% of false positives with loss of only one nodule with this new method. This result indicates that our new method is effective in reducing false positives due to normal anatomic structures, and thus can improve the performance of our CAD scheme for detection of pulmonary nodules in chest radiographs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 2000
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3979, Medical Imaging 2000: Image Processing, (6 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.387732
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroyuki Yoshida, Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Kunio Doi, Univ. of Chicago (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3979:
Medical Imaging 2000: Image Processing
Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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