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Proceedings Paper

Minimum lens complexity design approach for a free-space macro-optical multichip global interconnection module
Author(s): Predrag Milojkovic; Marc P. Christensen; Michael W. Haney
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Paper Abstract

The FAST-Net (Free-space Accelerator for Switching Terabit Networks) concept uses an array of wide field-of-view imaging lenses to realize a high-density shuffle interconnect across an array of smart-pixel integrated circuits. This paper presents a design approach for these lenses that achieves the minimum complexity required to meet the demands of the FAST-Net concept's off-axis multi-chip environment. Generalized eikonals for arbitrary surfaces were examined to determine the performance bounds for the FAST-Net optical system. Then an analysis provided an estimate of 6 for the number of spherical surfaces needed to achieve good optical resolution and distortion performance across an array of 10-micron diameter VCSEL sources that are imaged onto a array of 50-micron wide detectors. A ray trace simulation confirmed this number. Subsequent analysis evaluated the achievable efficient of replacing spherical surfaces with aspherical ones. By exploiting the mismatch between the low numerical aperture VCSELs and relatively higher numerical aperture interconnection optics, it was found that 3 aspherical surfaces could replace 6 spherical surfaces in the FAST-Net system for the specified performance criteria. A lens design that utilizes 3 aspherical surfaces and achieves necessary registration and resolution of the FAST-Net system was determined. The results provide a general framework for the design of wide field-of-view free space interconnection systems that incorporate high-density VCSEL arrays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 May 2000
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4089, Optics in Computing 2000, (24 May 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.386785
Show Author Affiliations
Predrag Milojkovic, George Mason Univ. (United States)
Marc P. Christensen, George Mason Univ. (United States)
Michael W. Haney, George Mason Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4089:
Optics in Computing 2000
Roger A. Lessard; Tigran V. Galstian, Editor(s)

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