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Proceedings Paper

Measurement of the elastic modulus of porcine septal cartilage specimens following Nd:YAG laser treatment
Author(s): Mark D. Gaon; Brian Jet-Fei Wong
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Paper Abstract

In this study we measured the mechanical properties of porcine septal cartilage before and after Nd:YAG laser ((lambda) equals 1.32 micrometer, 21.22 W/cm2) radiation using parameters and conditions encountered during laser-mediated cartilage reshaping. During laser irradiation, specimens were linearly translated at constant velocity while surface temperature was monitored radiometrically with a thermopile sensor. Irradiation was terminated when surface temperature reached approximately 70 degrees Celsius. Force versus displacement curves were generated in cantilevered specimens using a calibrated thin beam load cell and a single motorized micropositioner (velocity equals .762 mm/sec). Measurements were determined immediately before and after laser irradiation, and then following hydration in saline solution (40 minutes, 25 degrees Celsius). Elastic modulus was calculated using a model assuming linear viscoelastic behavior. Specimens boiled in saline (one hour, 100 degrees Celsius and then re-hydrated) were also evaluated as these tissues are completely denatured. The calculated moduli before and after irradiation were 4.86 plus or minus .145 and 1.166 plus or minus .055 Mpa respectively. Following re-hydration in saline, the modulus returned to near-baseline values (5.119 plus or minus .163 Mpa). In contrast, elasticity remained lower in specimens boiled and re-hydrated (3.25 plus or minus .130 Mpa). These findings suggest that cartilage matrix properties have not been significantly altered following laser irradiation and that the mechanical properties of the tissue are maintained.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2000
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3907, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X, (17 May 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.386276
Show Author Affiliations
Mark D. Gaon, Tulane Univ. School of Medicine and Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
Brian Jet-Fei Wong, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic and Univ. of California/Irvine Medical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3907:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X
R. Rox Anderson; Kenton W. Gregory; Eugene A. Trowers; David S. Robinson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lou Reinisch; Reza S. Malek; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Lloyd P. Tate; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Timothy A. Woodward; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lawrence S. Bass; George M. Peavy; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Nikiforos Kollias; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; George M. Peavy; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson; Lloyd P. Tate; Eugene A. Trowers; Timothy A. Woodward, Editor(s)

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