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Proceedings Paper

Classification of infrared spectra from skin tumors
Author(s): Laura M. McIntosh; James R. Mansfield; A. Neil Crowson; John W. P. Toole; Henry H. Mantsch; Michael Jackson
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Paper Abstract

The clinical differential diagnosis of skin tumors is an often-challenging task, to which the probing of skin with mid- and near-infrared (IR) light may be contributory. The development of objective methods for the analysis of IR spectra remains a major hurdle to developing clinically useful applications. The authors highlight different processing methods for IR spectra from skin biopsies and in-vivo skin tumors. Spectroscopic maps of biopsies of basal cell, squamous cell and melanocytic neoplasms were objectively grouped into distinct clusters that corresponded with tumor, epidermis, dermis, follicle and fat. Normal and abnormal skin components were located within maps using a search engine based upon linear discriminant analysis (LDA). In all instances, areas of tumor were distinct from normal tissue in biopsies. In-vivo, near-IR spectroscopy and LDA allowed discrimination between benign and malignant skin lesions with a high degree of accuracy. We conclude that IR spectroscopy has significant diagnostic promise in the skin cancer arena. The analytical methods described can now be used to create a powerful classification scheme in which to detect skin tumor cells within biopsied and living skin.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2000
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3907, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X, (17 May 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.386244
Show Author Affiliations
Laura M. McIntosh, National Research Council Canada (United States)
James R. Mansfield, National Research Council Canada (United States)
A. Neil Crowson, Regional Medical Lab./Tulsa (United States)
John W. P. Toole, Univ. of Manitoba (Canada)
Henry H. Mantsch, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Michael Jackson, National Research Council Canada (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3907:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X
R. Rox Anderson; Kenton W. Gregory; Eugene A. Trowers; David S. Robinson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lou Reinisch; Reza S. Malek; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Lloyd P. Tate; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Timothy A. Woodward; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lawrence S. Bass; George M. Peavy; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Nikiforos Kollias; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; George M. Peavy; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson; Lloyd P. Tate; Eugene A. Trowers; Timothy A. Woodward, Editor(s)

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