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Proceedings Paper

Pulsed photothermal profiling of hypervascular lesions: some recent advances
Author(s): Boris Majaron; Wim Verkruysse; B. Samuel Tanenbaum; Thomas E. Milner; J. Stuart Nelson
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Paper Abstract

Pulsed photothermal radiometry (PPTR) can be used for non- invasive depth profiling of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks, aimed towards optimizing laser therapy on an individual patient basis. Reconstruction of laser-induced temperature profile from the experimentally obtained radiometric signal involves the skin absorption coefficient in the infrared detection band. In the commonly used 3 - 5 micrometer detection band (InSb), the absorption coefficient varies by two orders of magnitude, while assumed to be constant in the reconstruction algorithms used thus far. We discuss the problem of choosing the effective absorption coefficient value to be used under such conditions. Next, we show how to account explicitly for the strong spectral variation of the infrared absorption coefficient in the image reconstruction algorithm. Performance of such improved algorithm is compared to that of the unaugmented version in a numerical simulation of photothermal profiling. Finally, we analyze implementation of a bandpass filter which limits the detection band to 4.5 - 5 micrometer. This reduces the absorption coefficient variation to a level that permits the use of unaugmented algorithm. An experimental test of the latter approach for in vivo characterization of the depth of PWS lesion and epidermal thickness will be presented, including a novel technique that uses two laser excitation wavelengths in order to separate the epidermal and vascular components of the radiometric signal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2000
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3907, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X, (17 May 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.386236
Show Author Affiliations
Boris Majaron, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic and Jozef Stefan Institute (Slovenia)
Wim Verkruysse, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
B. Samuel Tanenbaum, Harvey Mudd College (United States)
Thomas E. Milner, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
J. Stuart Nelson, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3907:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems X
R. Rox Anderson; Kenton W. Gregory; Eugene A. Trowers; David S. Robinson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lou Reinisch; Reza S. Malek; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Lloyd P. Tate; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Timothy A. Woodward; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lawrence S. Bass; George M. Peavy; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Nikiforos Kollias; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; George M. Peavy; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson; Lloyd P. Tate; Eugene A. Trowers; Timothy A. Woodward, Editor(s)

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