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Proceedings Paper

Torsion of the left ventricle during pacing with MRI tagging
Author(s): Jonathan M. Sorger; Bradley T. Wyman; Owen P. Faris; William R. Hunter; Elliot R. McVeigh
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Paper Abstract

In this study the effects of different pacing protocols on left ventricular (LV) torsion was evaluated over the full cardiac cycle. A systolic and diastolic series of Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans were combined and used to calculate the torsion of the LV. The asynchronous contraction resulting from ventricular pacing interferes with the temporal evolution of LV torsion. From these experiments we have shown that measuring torsion is an extremely sensitive indicator of the existence of ectopic excitation. The torsion of the left ventricle was investigated under three different protocols: (1) Right atrial pacing, (2) Right ventricular pacing and (3) Simultaneous pacing from the right ventricular apex and left ventricular base. The temporal evolution of torsion was determined from tagged magnetic resonance images and was evaluated over the full cardiac cycle. The peak twist Tmax for the RA paced heart was 11.09 (+/- 3.54) degrees compared to 6.06 (+/- 1.65) degrees and 6.09 (+/- 0.68) degrees for the RV and Bi-V paced hearts respectively. While biventricular pacing has been shown to increase the synchrony of contraction, it does not preserve the normal physiological twist patterns of the heart.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3978, Medical Imaging 2000: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images, (20 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.383401
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan M. Sorger, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (United States)
Bradley T. Wyman, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Owen P. Faris, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (United States)
William R. Hunter, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Elliot R. McVeigh, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3978:
Medical Imaging 2000: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images
Chin-Tu Chen; Anne V. Clough, Editor(s)

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