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Proceedings Paper

Characterizing white LEDs for general illumination applications
Author(s): Nadarajah Narendran; Nishantha Maliyagoda; Andrew Bierman; Richard M. Pysar; Martin Overington
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Paper Abstract

During the past few years several manufacturers have introduced white Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). At the present time these LEDs do not provide sufficient luminous flux for general lighting applications. Many manufacturers are studying the possibility of grouping several LEDs and overdriving them to produce more luminous flux. The impact of higher drive current on long-term performance of LEDs is not well known within the lighting community. Therefore, an experimental study was conducted to investigate the photometric characteristics of white LEDs as a function of time for different drive currents. The LEDs investigated in this study were the 5-millimeter type that uses GaN-based blue LEDs and Y3Al5O12 (yttrium aluminum garnet) phosphors (YAG phosphors). These LEDs produced 65 percent more light output at 55 mA compared to the light output at 20 mA. Groups of ten LEDs were driven continuously at constant current 20, 30, 50, 70, 90, and 110 mA and their relative light output were monitored at regular intervals for over 4000 hours. The light output degradation rate increased with increasing drive currents. Typically, LED manufacturers do not recommend driving these LEDs above 20 mA. However, it was noticed that the light output of these LEDs degraded to 65% of its initial value around 4000 hours even for those LEDs driven at 20 mA, which is the manufacturer recommended value for drive current. Considering the amount of flux produced by these 5 mm type white LEDs and their light output degradation rate, they are not yet suitable for general lighting applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 April 2000
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3938, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications IV, (17 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.382836
Show Author Affiliations
Nadarajah Narendran, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Nishantha Maliyagoda, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Andrew Bierman, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Richard M. Pysar, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Martin Overington, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3938:
Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications IV
H. Walter Yao; Ian T. Ferguson; E. Fred Schubert, Editor(s)

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