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Proceedings Paper

Planar waveguide biosensors for nucleic acid hybridization reactions
Author(s): James N. Herron; Stacy zumBrunnen; Jian-xun Wang; Xiao-lin Gao; Hsu-Kun Wang; Allen H. Terry; Douglas A. Christensen
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Paper Abstract

Oligonucleotide probes derived from (1) the T3 RNA polymerase promoter sequence (T3) and (2) prostate-specific antigen messenger RNA (PSA) were prepared and labeled with a red-emitting fluorescent dye (Cy5). The complimentary oligonucleotides were prepared and labeled with biotin. Initially, a feasibility study was performed in which the hybridization rate of the T3/anti T3 Oligonucleotide pair was examined. Specifically, biotinylated anti T3 was immobilized to a neutravidin-coated waveguide and solutions containing increasing concentrations of Cy5-labeled T3 were injected into the biosensor. Fluorescence emission was detected with an evanescent wave imaging fluorometer. The hybridization reaction proceeded rapidly with a significant amount of binding occurring during the first 5 minutes. A Michaelis-Menton kinetics model was used to analyze hybridization rate data and gave values of 78 nanomolar for the apparent affinity of the hybridization reaction and 1.4 picomolar for the analytical sensitivity of the hybridization assay. In subsequent studies the hybridization rate of the PSA/anti PSA oligonucleotide pair was examined. Biotinylated anti PSA was immobilized to the waveguide and solutions containing increasing concentration of Cy5-labeled PSA were injected into the biosensor. The hybridization rate observed for formation of the PSA/anti PSA pari was comparable to the high rates observed for the T3/anti T3 pari. Lastly, the selectivity of the biosensor was examined using an Oligonucleotide probe derived from human glandular kallikrein, which exhibits a high degree of homology to PSA. The two Oligonucleotide probes only differed in 7 out of 20 positions. Interestingly, the hybridization rate observed for Cy5-labeled hGK was very low - not statistically different from the non-specific binding rate of the hybridization assay.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 April 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3913, In-Vitro Diagnostic Instrumentation, (11 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.382029
Show Author Affiliations
James N. Herron, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Stacy zumBrunnen, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Jian-xun Wang, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Xiao-lin Gao, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Hsu-Kun Wang, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Allen H. Terry, Univ. of Utah (United States)
Douglas A. Christensen, Univ. of Utah (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3913:
In-Vitro Diagnostic Instrumentation
Gerald E. Cohn, Editor(s)

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