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Proceedings Paper

Periodontal treatment with the frequency-doubled Alexandrite laser in dogs
Author(s): Peter Rechmann; Thomas Hennig; Peter Reichart
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Paper Abstract

While earlier periodontal investigations have proved the frequency doubled Alexandrite laser to eliminate efficiently and selectively dental calculus as well as bacteria the aim of this study was to demonstrate the safety of this laser for removal of dental calculus with respect to the dental pulp. Four adult Labrador dogs were treated with a frequency doubled Alexandrite laser (laboratory prototype, q-switched, fiber guided, wavelength 377 nm, pulse duration 1 microsecond, pulse repetition rate 70 Hz, water cooling) to remove dental calculus. After performing a modified Widman flap procedure the buccal surface of nine teeth in the lower and upper right jaw were irradiated for four minutes per tooth. Three different laser fluences up to four times higher than the fluence required for calculus removal were used (1.5, 3 and 6 J/cm2). At three other sites of the right jaw deep cavities were prepared with a dental drill and filled with compomere material (DyractR, Dentsply, Germany) to serve as a positive control with regard to possible pulpal reactions. The corresponding teeth of the lower and upper left jaw served as controls. Animals were sacrificed one day, one week, four weeks and six weeks after treatment. Teeth were separated, fixed in formalin and decalcified. After embedding and sectioning the histological sections were stained and investigated by a totally blinded investigator (P.A.R). Histological investigations revealed that irradiation with the frequency doubled Alexandrite laser for periodontal treatment with fluences of 1.5 J/cm2 -- those fluences necessary for the selective removal of dental calculus and microbial plaque -- had no adverse side effects to the pulpal tissues. Moreover this pulpal safety study demonstrated that even applying fluences two or four times higher than those suggested for calculus removal do not lead to observable changes or alterations in the odontoblast cell layer or the pulpal tissues. No inflammatory reactions and no differences between irradiated and control teeth occurred, while the positive controls showed reactions in the odontoblast cell layer and the connective pulpal tissue.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 2000
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3910, Lasers in Dentistry VI, (24 March 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.380848
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Rechmann, Heinrich-Heine-Univ. (United States)
Thomas Hennig, Heinrich-Heine-Univ. and Institute of Laser Medicine (Germany)
Peter Reichart, Humboldt Univ. Berlin (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3910:
Lasers in Dentistry VI
John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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