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Proceedings Paper

Effect of the CO2 laser on the microleakage of conventional and laser apicetomized teeth retrofilled with glass ionomer: in vitro study
Author(s): Antonio Luiz Barbosa Pinheiro; Sergio B. F. Martorelli
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Paper Abstract

There is a need for further improvement on the level of apical sealing. The use of lasers on apical surgery is still not fully understood, however some good results have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the use of the CO2 laser following conventional apicoectomy and retrofilling with glass ionomer using different combinations of power and types of emission 'In Vitro.' Seventy extracted human upper anterior teeth were used on this study. The teeth after conventional apicoectomy were retrofilled with VitremerTM. The samples were randomized into seven groups of 10, Group I acted as negative control. Groups II, III and IV were lased on defocused mode with superpulsed CO2 laser on CW with power output of 0,5; 3 and 7 Watts during 5 seconds respectively. Groups V, VI e VII were lased on defocused mode with continuous emission on CW mode with power output of 1, 10 and 20 Watts during 5 seconds respectively. All specimens were immersed on 2% Methylene Blue solution during 48 h, washed in running tap water and longitudinally sectioned. Three calibrated examiners regarding apical infiltration graded the samples. The results showed difference between groups, where Group II showed smaller level of apical infiltration. It is concluded that improving on apical sealing is better achieved by using 0.5 W on superpulsed on CW.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 2000
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3910, Lasers in Dentistry VI, (24 March 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.380816
Show Author Affiliations
Antonio Luiz Barbosa Pinheiro, Univ. Federal de Pernambuco (Brazil)
Sergio B. F. Martorelli, Univ. Federal de Pernambuco (Brazil)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3910:
Lasers in Dentistry VI
John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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