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Photochemical mechanisms of ocular photic injury (Abstract Only)
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Paper Abstract

Mechanisms of photic injury to the eye can be categorized as photochemical, photothermal or photodistruptive. Exposure wavelength, exposure duration, ocular tissue characteristics and response criteria are key factors in the delineation of the ocular injury mechanisms. Depending on the exposure condition, one or all of the laser-tissue interaction mechanisms can be involved. Although photic injury to the eye was initially assumed to involve thermal mechanisms, more recent research has demonstrated that ocular effects can be produced by light exposure without a significant retinal temperature rise. Photochemical mechanisms are also implicated in UV photic injury to the cornea and lens. Exposure of the retina to short visible wavelengths for prolonged durations results in photochemical retinal damage with negligible localized retinal temperature elevation. For exposure conditions where photochemical mechanisms are dominate, the reciprocity of irradiance and exposure duration is apparent. The latency until observation of a photochemical lesion is often 24-48 hours whereas a thermal lesion is observed immediately or within a few hours after the exposure. Action spectra for photochemical injury to the eye are discussed in the context of ocular injury thresholds and current permissible exposure limits.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2000
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 3902, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1999, (3 March 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.379336
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce E. Stuck, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
David J. Lund, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Joseph A. Zuclich, The Analytical Sciences Corp., Inc (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3902:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1999
Gregory J. Exarhos; Arthur H. Guenther; Mark R. Kozlowski; Keith L. Lewis; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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