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Proceedings Paper

Pulsed YAG laser spot welding under microgravity
Author(s): Seiji Katayama; Koji Tanaka; Masami Mizutani; Akira Matsunawa
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Paper Abstract

With the objectives of obtaining a fundamental knowledge of laser welding technology inside and outside the spacecraft in space, pulsed YAG laser spot welding was performed on the metal plates in Ar gas atmosphere or a vacuum in the falling microgravity apparatus equipped with the fiber-delivered laser focusing optics. The influence of gravity or microgravity on penetration and welding defect formation was further clarified by comparing the welds made in the normal flat and overhead positions. Almost all results of weld penetration and defect formation under microgravity were similar to those under normal gravity except the welding result of aluminum alloy A5083 subjected to the high power density laser, and were between normal gravity and overhead position welding results. Welding in a vacuum was characterized by the formation of a narrower and cone-shaped bottom in any alloy weld. Porosity was easily formed in any deeply penetrated weld metal under high power density welding with a rectangular pulse-shaped laser, and could be reduced by utilizing pulse-controlled laser even under microgravity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3888, High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, (7 February 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.377070
Show Author Affiliations
Seiji Katayama, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Koji Tanaka, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Masami Mizutani, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Akira Matsunawa, Osaka Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3888:
High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing
Xiangli Chen; Tomoo Fujioka; Akira Matsunawa, Editor(s)

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