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Proceedings Paper

Bidirectional data flow architecture for padding in MPEG-4
Author(s): Lakshmanan Chandrasekhar; Karthikeyan Vaithianathan; Karthik Ramaswamy; Sethuraman Panchanathan
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Paper Abstract

The advent of MPEG-4 standard for manipulation and coding of multimedia data has resulted in the exploration of new algorithms and architectural solutions for object and content-based processing. MPEG-4 operates at the level of Video Object Planes (VOPs) in contrast to frame-based processing in MPEG 1 and 2. The motion estimation process in MPEG-4 requires both 8 X 8 and 16 X 16 block motion processing. In addition, a new approach termed padding is employed to improve the accuracy of motion estimation/compensation. We have recently presented a scalable architecture for estimating the motion of both 8 X 8 and 16 X 16 blocks. In this paper, we present a novel architecture for padding in MPEG-4. Padding is carried out for the boundary macroblocks of the VOPs in two steps, namely horizontal padding and vertical padding. Padding is based on the shape information of the individual video objects. The asynchronous communication in the proposed architecture enables high throughput while maintaining a low complexity. The architecture is simple, modular and scalable and has been simulated using VHDL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 1999
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3970, Media Processors 2000, (29 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.375239
Show Author Affiliations
Lakshmanan Chandrasekhar, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Karthikeyan Vaithianathan, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Karthik Ramaswamy, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Sethuraman Panchanathan, Arizona State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3970:
Media Processors 2000
Sethuraman Panchanathan; V. Michael Bove; Subramania I. Sudharsanan, Editor(s)

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