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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Evaluation and comparison of five experimental BPH/prostate cancer treatment modalities
Author(s): P. J. Hoopes; K. A. Wishnow; Luanna R. Bartholomew; E. Jonsson; J. Chandler Williams; Karen L. Moodie; Terence Z. Wong; R. D. Harris; Thomas P. Ryan; B. Stuart Trembly; Thomas A. McNicholas; J. A. Heaney

Paper Abstract

Five non-pharmacological, experimental, prostate (benign hyperplasia/cancer) treatment modalities including transurethral radiofrequency thermotherapy (TURT); transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT); transurethral and transrectal microwave thermotherapy (TUMT/TRMT); interstitial laser coagulation (ILC); and interstitial cryotherapy (IC), are evaluated. These and other similar techniques are currently in various stages of development and clinical use. Most of these modalities produce relatively similar effects in tissue; however, each has pathophysiologic features and potential complications which may preference its use in a specific anatomical and/or disease situation. All treatments were performed using the canine prostate model, by the same investigators. Our studies have shown that although the canine prostate does not respond to injury exactly as the human prostate does, the effects are similar enough to be conceptually, and often specifically, valuable from efficacy and safety standpoints. Two of the five treatments evaluated (TURT, TUMT/TRMT) resulted in marked dilation of the prostatic urethra without significant parenchymal effect. Three of the treatments (IC, ILC, TUMT) resulted in parenchymal ablation with only minor dilation of the urethra. Although each technique has encouraging experimental findings, ultimate success will be determined by further definition of the instrumentation technique and appropriate clinical implementation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 January 2000
PDF: 27 pages
Proc. SPIE 10297, Matching the Energy Source to the Clinical Need: A Critical Review, 102970K (24 January 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.375221
Show Author Affiliations
P. J. Hoopes, Dartmouth Medical School and Dartmouth College (United States)
K. A. Wishnow, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Ctr./Harvard Medical School (United States)
Luanna R. Bartholomew, Dartmouth Medical School (United States)
E. Jonsson, Reykjavik Hospital (Iceland)
J. Chandler Williams, Univ. of Florida/Jacksonville (United States)
Karen L. Moodie, Dartmouth Medical School (United States)
Terence Z. Wong, Duke Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
R. D. Harris, Dartmouth Medical School (United States)
Thomas P. Ryan, Ethicon, Inc. (United States)
B. Stuart Trembly, Dartmouth College (United States)
Thomas A. McNicholas, Lister Hospital (United Kingdom)
J. A. Heaney, Dartmouth Medical School (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10297:
Matching the Energy Source to the Clinical Need: A Critical Review
Thomas P. Ryan, Editor(s)

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