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Proceedings Paper

Performance of high-power lasers for rock excavation
Author(s): Daichi Sugimoto; Hayato Tanaka; Masamori Endo; Shuzaburo Takeda; Kenzo Nanri; Tomoo Fujioka
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Paper Abstract

Rock excavation experiment with a 10kW-class CO2 laser was demonstrated as a basic study for field application of high power lasers. Sample rocks used in this experiment as a workpiece were tuff breccia and granite. Effect of assist gases on the excavation rate was surveyed. Oxygen, nitrogen, and air were examined and found not to be useful. It was because the gas flow could not blow the molten rocks off, but only helps to cool in case the hole races certain depth. Excavation rate on both rocks for a various output powers was measured to determine thermal constants inherent to each rock. It was found that the excavation rate resulted in slower, as the hole becomes deeper, because of the deterioration in evacuation efficiency of the molten rock. Thermal parameters of the both rocks were derived from the experimental results. Using simplified thermal balance model, it was estimated that a 50 kW-class mobile laser system has a potential to outperform the conventional mechanical excavation technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 January 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3887, High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture, (14 January 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.375195
Show Author Affiliations
Daichi Sugimoto, Tokai Univ. (Japan)
Hayato Tanaka, Tokai Univ. (Japan)
Masamori Endo, Tokai Univ. (Japan)
Shuzaburo Takeda, Tokai Univ. (Japan)
Kenzo Nanri, Tokai Univ. (Japan)
Tomoo Fujioka, Tokai Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3887:
High-Power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture
Sadao Nakai; Lloyd A. Hackel; Wayne C. Solomon, Editor(s)

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