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Proceedings Paper

Ground through on-orbit transfer of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90): radiometeric scale using the CERES thermistor bolometers and built-in flight calibration systems
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Paper Abstract

The Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES thermistor bolometers were calibrated using filtered radiances, characterized on an International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) derived absolute radiometric scale. Longwave filtered radiances were characterized using the optical and geometric surface properties of the reference Narrow-Field-of-View Blackbody (NFBB), the NFBB temperature measurements from the ITS-90 calibrated platinum resistance thermometers (PRT) embedded in the blackbodies, and the spectral responses of the CERES bolometers. Shortwave filtered radiances were characterized using the cryogenically-cooled Transfer Active Cavity Radiometer (TACR) which was an ITS-90 transfer standard, and using the spectral responses of the bolometers. In ground vacuum facilities, the ITS-90, temperature-based radiometric scale was transferred to the CERES bolometers. As ITS-90 transfer standards, the bolometers were used to characterize the emitted filtered radiances from in-flight systems: (1) the internal calibration module (ICM) which consisted of anodized aluminum blackbodies and tungsten lamp sources; and (2) mirror attenuator mosaic (MAM) which was an aluminum solar diffuser plate, built into the bolometer instrumentation. From the ground [October 1995] through the on-orbit phases [December 1998 - July 1999] of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Spacecraft CERES instrument mission, the stabilities of the bolometer's responses were assessed from periodical observations of the in-flight calibration systems radiances. Each CERES instrument package consisted of broadband shortwave [0.3 micrometer to 5.0 micrometer], broadband total [0.3 micrometer to greater than 100 micrometer], and narrowband window [8 micrometer and 12 micrometer], scanning thermistor bolometer sensor units; and of in-flight calibration systems. Between the ground and initial on-orbit calibrations, the TRMM CERES bolometers and the built-in, flight calibration system sources maintained their filtered radiance measurement ties to ITS-90 at the plus or minus 0.2 Wm-2sr-1 precision level. On-orbit calibration studies indicate that the radiance measurements were stable at the plus or minus 0.2 Wm-2sr-1 precision level. The ground and on- orbit calibration results are presented and discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 December 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3870, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites III, (28 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.373207
Show Author Affiliations
Robert Benjamin Lee, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Susan Thomas, Science Applications International Corp. (United States)
Robert S. Wilson, Science Applications International Corp. (United States)
Kory J. Priestley, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Jack Paden, Science Applications International Corp. (United States)
Dhirendra K. Pandey, Science Applications International Corp. (United States)
Aiman Al-Hajjah, Science Applications International Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3870:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites III
Hiroyuki Fujisada; Joan B. Lurie, Editor(s)

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