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Proceedings Paper

Structurally embedded fiber Bragg gratings: civil engineering applications
Author(s): Philipp M. Nellen; Rolf Broennimann; Andreas Frank; Pascal Mauron; Urs J. Sennhauser
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Paper Abstract

In civil engineering it is of interest to monitor long-term performance of structures made of new lightweight materials like glass or carbon fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP/CFRP). In contrast to surface applied optical fiber sensors, embedded sensors are expected to be better protected against rough handling and harsh environmental conditions. We report on two recently done fiber optical sensor applications in civil engineering. Both include structurally embedded fiber Bragg grating (BG) arrays but have different demands with respect to their operation. For the first application fiber BGs were embedded in GFRP rockbolts of 3 - 5 m in length either of 3, 8, or 22 mm diameter. The sensor equipped rockbolts are made for distributed measurements of boulder motion during tunnel construction and operation and should withstand strain up to 1.6%. Rockbolt sensors were field tested in a tunnel near Sargans in Switzerland. For a second application fiber BGs were embedded in CFRP wires of 5 mm diameter used for the pre- stressing cables of a 56 m long bridge near Lucerne in Switzerland. The permanent load on the cable corresponds to 0.8% strain. Due to the embedded sensors, strain decay inside the cable anchoring heads could be measured for the first time during loading and operation of the cables. For both applications mechanical and thermal loading tests were performed to assess the function of these new elements. Also, temperature and strain sensitivity were calibrated. Reliability studies with respect to stress transfer, fiber mechanical failure, and wavelength shift caused by thermal BG decay as well as monitoring results of both applications are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 December 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3860, Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications, (9 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.372954
Show Author Affiliations
Philipp M. Nellen, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
Rolf Broennimann, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
Andreas Frank, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Germany)
Pascal Mauron, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)
Urs J. Sennhauser, Swiss Federal Labs. for Materials Testing and Research (Switzerland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3860:
Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications
Michael A. Marcus; Brian Culshaw, Editor(s)

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