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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optics in meteorological instrumentation suites
Author(s): Carvel E. Holton; Matthew J. Parker
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Paper Abstract

Standard meteorological sensors and sensor suites used for weather and environmental monitoring are currently based primarily on electronic instrumentation that is frequently susceptible to destruction and/or interruption from natural (e.g. lightning) and man-made sources of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI). The cost of replacement or shielding of these systems is high in terms of frequency of replacement and the incipient capital cost. Sensors based on optical fibers have been developed in sufficient variety as to allow the development of full meteorological instrumentation suitess based on individual or multiplexed optical fiber sensors. Examples of sensing functions which can be implemented using optical fibers include: wine speed (cup anemometers & Doppler lidars), wind direction (vanes & lidars), temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, accumulated precipitation and precipitation rate (fiber lidar). Suites of such sensors are capable of using little or no electronics in the environmentally exposed regions, substantially reducing system EMI susceptibility and adding functional capability. The current presentation seeks to explore options available in such meteorological suites and examine the issues in their design and deployment. Performance data on several newer fiber sensors suitable to meteorological use will be presented and discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 December 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3860, Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications, (9 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.372949
Show Author Affiliations
Carvel E. Holton, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Matthew J. Parker, Westinghouse Savannah River Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3860:
Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications
Michael A. Marcus; Brian Culshaw, Editor(s)

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