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Proceedings Paper

Development and test of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)
Author(s): Paul G. Morse; Jerry C. Bates; Christopher R. Miller; Moustafa T. Chahine; Fred O'Callaghan; Hartmut H. Aumann; Avinash R. Karnik
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Paper Abstract

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) has been developed for the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) program for a scheduled launch on the EOS PM-1 spacecraft in December 2000. AIRS, working in concert with complementary microwave instrumentation on EOS PM-1 is designed to provide both new and more accurate data about the atmosphere, land and oceans for application to NASA climate studies and NOAA and DOD weather prediction. Among the important parameters to be derived from AIRS observations are atmospheric temperature profiles with an average accuracy of 1 K in 1 kilometer (km) layers in the troposphere, humidity profiles to 10% accuracy and surface temperatures with an average accuracy of 0.5 K. The AIRS measurement technique is based on passive IR remote sensing using a precisely calibrated, high spectral resolution grating spectrometer operating in the 3.7 - 15.4 micrometer region. The instrument concept uses a passively cooled multi- aperture echelle array spectrometer approach in combination with advanced state of the art focal plane and cryogenic refrigerator technology to achieve unparalleled performance capability in a practical long life configuration. The AIRS instrument, which has been under development since 1991, has been fully integrated and has completed successfully a comprehensive performance verification program. Performance verification included thermal vacuum testing, environmental qualification and a full range of spatial, spectral and radiometric calibrations, which have demonstrated outstanding spectrometric performance. This paper provides a brief overview of the AIRS mission and instrument design along with key results from the test program.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 1999
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 3759, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing VII, (6 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.372673
Show Author Affiliations
Paul G. Morse, Lockheed Martin IR Imaging Systems (United States)
Jerry C. Bates, Lockheed Martin IR Imaging Systems (United States)
Christopher R. Miller, Lockheed Martin IR Imaging Systems (United States)
Moustafa T. Chahine, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Fred O'Callaghan, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Hartmut H. Aumann, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Avinash R. Karnik, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3759:
Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing VII
Marija Strojnik; Bjorn F. Andresen, Editor(s)

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