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Proceedings Paper

Optical constants of beryllium from photoabsorption measurements for x-ray optics applications
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Paper Abstract

Beryllium (Be) has been recently receiving considerable attention as the key material for a range of potential applications in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and x-ray region. Most notably, it has been successfully implemented as the spacer material in beryllium-based multilayer mirrors for EUV lithography, achieving experimental reflectivities of about 70% at wavelengths around 11.4 nm. Knowledge of the absorptive and dispersive properties of this material thus becomes important for the modeling of these optics. Experimental photoabsorption results in the region 40 - 250 eV, derived from transmission measurements on free-standing beryllium foils, are presented in this work. The measured absorption in the region extending a few tens eV below the K edge (111.7 eV) appears to be significantly (up to 50%) lower than the tabulated values. Fine structure above the K edge is also demonstrated in the measurements. These data are incorporated in an updated set for the atomic scattering factors of beryllium, obtained in the range 0.1 - 30,000 eV. Finally, the Bragg reflectivity of Mo/Be multilayer optics is modeled using the new experimental results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 November 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3767, EUV, X-Ray, and Neutron Optics and Sources, (23 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.371124
Show Author Affiliations
Regina Soufli, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Sasa Bajt, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Eric M. Gullikson, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3767:
EUV, X-Ray, and Neutron Optics and Sources
Carolyn A. MacDonald; Kenneth A. Goldberg; Juan R. Maldonado; Huaiyu Heather Chen-Mayer; Stephen P. Vernon, Editor(s)

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