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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of planar waveguides of poly(N-vinylcarbazole)
Author(s): Fitri Fitrilawati; May On Tjia; Jochen Ziegler; Christoph Bubeck
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Paper Abstract

Thin films of poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) were prepared by spincoating upon fused silica substrates. PVK was dissolved in dimethyl formamide (DMF) and processed at elevated temperatures. Thin films with the required thickness and low surface roughness were obtained by careful optimization of the preparation parameters, such as concentration, spinning speed and temperature of these spincoating process. The dispersion of refractive indices of PVk films was measured by reflectometry and by prism coupling at 633 nm and 1064 nm. The attenuation loss of slab waveguides was measured by monitoring the stray light of the guided mode with a diode array. The loss depends significantly on the relative ratio of surface roughness to thickness. As this ratio depends on preparation conditions, we succeeded in fabricating planar waveguides of PVK that had an attenuation loss of only 1 dB/cm at 633 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 November 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3896, Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices, (12 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.370385
Show Author Affiliations
Fitri Fitrilawati, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia) and Univ. Padjadjaran (Indonesia)
May On Tjia, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)
Jochen Ziegler, Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research (Germany)
Christoph Bubeck, Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3896:
Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices
Marek Osinski; Soo-Jin Chua; Shigefusa F. Chichibu, Editor(s)

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