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Proceedings Paper

Monolithically integrated detector/receiver in standard CMOS operating at 250 Mbit/s for low-cost plastic optical fiber data links
Author(s): Maarten Kuijk; Daniel Coppee; Roger A. Vounckx
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Paper Abstract

To solve the 'lower frequency gain' that limits the sped of conventional CMOS detectors, we spatially modulate CMOS photo diode junctions. This gives a differential photodiode with a flat responsivity curve up to a -3db bit rate of more than 500 Mbit/s. Detector and circuitry can now be combined on a single low cost CMOS chip for datacom applications. Here we report on the first integration of a receiver with a 300 μm diameter detector intended for use in plastic optical fiber (POF) links. The diameter of the detector allows to choose for large multimode POF cores (e.g. 250 μm) and low precision mechanical connectors. The receiver circuit is fully differential from the detector onwards, for improved power supply rejection. A differential feedback mechanism filters out the DC-level. A final symmetric OTA converts the differential signal to a single ended digital output. The total chip area including bonding pads is 440 μm x 600 μm. The received optical power to obtain a BER of 10-9 (635 nm wavelength with PRBS 215-1)is -17.6 dBm (17.2 μW) at a bit rate of 155 Mbit/s and -12.2 dBm (60 μW) at 250 Mbit/s bit rate. The chip dissipates only 25.3 mW at a 3.3V power supply. The bit rate is receiver limited. A design in a smaller feature size CMOS technology will show even better bit-rate and/or sensitivity performance. In conclusion, it is now possible to make detector/receivers combinations in standard CMOS lowering the overall cost of a POF data link system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 November 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3896, Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices, (12 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.370321
Show Author Affiliations
Maarten Kuijk, Free Univ. of Brussels (Belgium)
Daniel Coppee, Free Univ. of Brussels (Belgium)
Roger A. Vounckx, Free Univ. of Brussels (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3896:
Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Devices
Marek Osinski; Soo-Jin Chua; Shigefusa F. Chichibu, Editor(s)

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