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Proceedings Paper

Durability testing of antireflection coatings for solar applications
Author(s): Gary J. Jorgensen; Stefan Brunold; Michael Koehl; Per Nostell; Henk Oversloot; Arne Roos
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Paper Abstract

Antireflection (AR) coatings can be incorporated into highly transmitting glazings that, depending upon their cost, performance, and durability of optical properties, can be economically viable in solar collectors, agricultural greenhouses, and PV systems. A number of AR-coated glazings have been prepared under the auspices of the International Energy Agency Working Group on Durability of Materials for Solar Thermal Collectors. The AR coatings are of two types, including (1) various sol-gels applied to glass and (2) an embossed treatment of sheet acrylic. Typically, for unweathered glazings, a 4 - 5% increase in solar-weighted transmittance has been achieved. For AR-coated glass, reflectance values as low as 0.5% - 0.7% at selected wavelengths (680 - 720 nm) were obtained. To determine the durability of the hemispherical transmittance, several collaborating countries are testing these materials both outdoors and in accelerated weathering chambers. All materials exposed outdoors are affixed to mini-collector boxes to simulate flat-plate collector conditions. Results for candidate AR coatings weathered at geographically disperse outdoor test sites exhibit changes in spectral transmittance primarily in the high visible range (600 - 700 nm). Accelerated testing at measured levels of simulated solar irradiance, and at different constant levels of temperature and relative humidity have been performed in different countries. Parallel testing with different levels of laboratory-controlled relevant stress factors permits the time-dependent performance of these materials to be compared with measured results from in-service outdoor exposure conditions. Coating adhesion and performance loss resulting from dirt and dust retention are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 October 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3789, Solar Optical Materials XVI, (11 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.367571
Show Author Affiliations
Gary J. Jorgensen, National Renewable Energy Lab. (United States)
Stefan Brunold, Hochschule Rapperswil (Switzerland)
Michael Koehl, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (Germany)
Per Nostell, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
Henk Oversloot, TNO Building and Construction Research (Netherlands)
Arne Roos, Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3789:
Solar Optical Materials XVI
Carl M. Lampert; Claes-Goeran Granqvist, Editor(s)

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