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Proceedings Paper

Using polarization to determine intrinsic surface properties
Author(s): Ondfej Drbohlav; Radim Sara
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Paper Abstract

Among properties computer vision attempts to extract from images are: local shape, intrinsic reflection parameters, and roughness because they are all crucial to the success of image interpretation in general and to realistic surface modeling in particular. We seek light reflection phenomena and reflectance models that could better capture the relation of reflected light parameters to the local properties of the observed surface. In addition to the relation intensity -- shape studied in computer vision for a long time, we study the relation of other light characteristics to local shape. We started by focusing on light polarization state. We found that the generalization of the Lambert's reflectance model based on Fresnel coefficients, as proposed by Wolff, correctly predicts the polarization state of light reflected on smooth dielectrics. Both the light incidence and the viewer plane orientations may be measured to estimate the surface normal if light position relative to the observer is known. It is demonstrated that inter-reflections between surfaces play an important role, especially near the shadow boundary where the body reflection component is very weak.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3826, Polarization and Color Techniques in Industrial Inspection, (16 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.364331
Show Author Affiliations
Ondfej Drbohlav, Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)
Radim Sara, Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3826:
Polarization and Color Techniques in Industrial Inspection
Elzbieta A. Marszalec; Emanuele Trucco, Editor(s)

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